Photo Gallery

Sport Overview

Archery is a sport unique for the value it places on stillness. The objective is simple: shoot the most arrows into the centre of the target located 70 metres away. The catch? The bull’s-eye measures only 12.2 centimetres in diameter.

Archery first appeared in the Pan Am Games in 1979 in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Thirty-two men and 32 women will compete at the TORONTO 2015 Pan Am Games.

Crispin Duenas and Georcy-Stéphanie Thiffeault Picard are two Canadians to watch in 2015. Duenas won the bronze medal at the 2013 World Championships and the silver medal at the Guadalajara 2011 Pan Am Games. He is also a two-time Olympian. Picard is a fast-rising Canadian archer — she is currently ranked number one in Canada and is just beginning her international career.


The bow and arrow can be traced back to the Paleolithic era when bows and arrows were used for hunting and warfare. It is thought that the modern sport of archery likely originated in England in the 14th century.

How it works

The objective is simple: athletes try to shoot arrows as close to the centre of a target as possible. Standing at a distance 70 metres from the target, athletes use pin-point precision and nerves of steel to hit the target that measures just 122 centimetres in diameter and only 12.2 centimetres at its centre.

In the individual competition event, arrows are shot six at a time, in what is called an “end.” Athletes participate in a qualification round where they will be ranked 1 to 32. Athletes then participate in head-to-head matches, referred to as the “elimination round”. In the finals, medal rounds are shot one versus one, in alternating fashion. Arrows that land in the bull’s-eye are worth 10 points. An arrow in the outermost circle is worth one point. Arrows landing between the bull’s-eye and the centre are worth two to nine points depending on which ring it lands in.


Placed on the athlete’s arm to protect it from being slapped by the bow string on release.

Arrow nock
The notch at the end of the arrow that fits around the bow string to hold the arrow in place.

The act of pulling the bow string back in preparation for shooting.

A round of play.

Additional Information

Additional Information