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Pan Am Canoe Kayak Sprint

Canoe / Kayak Sprint

Canoe / Kayak Sprint


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Sport Overview

Over distances of 200, 500 and 1,000 metres, paddlers in both the canoe and kayak sprint events endure one of the most intense and gruelling sports as boats slice through the glassy water with every stroke.

Men’s canoe/kayak – sprint has been a part of the Olympic program since 1936, and since 1948 for women’s kayak. Canoe/kayak has been a full Pan Am sport since the 1987 Games in Indianapolis.

Adam van Koeverden is one of Canada’s most successful kayak – sprint athletes with four Olympic medals and eight World Championships medals to his name. Definitely someone to watch in 2015, van Koeverden is itching to compete at home and lead a strong Canadian contingent that is expected to include his training partner and fellow Olympic medallist, Mark Oldershaw.

Women will make history at the TORONTO 2015 Games participating in the first women’s canoe C-1 200 sprint event. Canada’s Laurence Vincent-Lapointe is the current canoe – sprint world champion and is looking to win a historic gold medal.


History

Canoe/kayak – sprint has been at the summer Olympic Games since 1936 in Berlin, and has been a Pan American Games sport since the 1987 Games in Indianapolis.

Canoe – sprint features both singles (C1) and doubles (C2) events. Athletes paddle on only one side of the boat, and when paddling in a C1 (single) event, must use a steering “J” stroke to keep the boat straight. Kayakers paddle on both sides of the boat. The kayak has a rudder for steering, which is connected by cables to a steering control manipulated by the athlete’s feet.

The “K” in K1, K2 and K4 refers to “kayak”; the “C” in C1 and C2 refers to “canoe,” but originally stood for “Canadian.”


How it works

Canoe

Paddling from a kneeling position, these head-to-head races are contested on straight, flatwater courses over three distances: 200, 500 and 1,000 metres. First across the line wins.

The canoe sprint features both singles and doubles events.

Kayak

Paddling from a seated position, these head-to-head races are contested on straight, flatwater courses over three distances: 200, 500 and 1,000 metres.

Kayak sprint features singles, doubles and four-person events. K-4 (four-person) boats can reach speeds fast enough to pull a water skier.


Terminology

Canoe

Blade
The wide part of the paddle that passes through the water.

Bow
The front end of the boat.

Stern
The back end of the boat.

Stroke rate
The number of paddle strokes per minute.

Kayak

Cockpit
The enclosed space where the paddler sits.

Spray skirt/spraydeck
A cover worn by paddlers that seals them in the boat and prevents water from entering.

Additional Information

Additional Information