The origins of golf are much debated. The game as we know it today originated in Scotland during the 15th century; however, a golf-like game using a stick and leather ball, but no hole, is recorded as taking place in the Netherlands in the late 13th century.
Today, the modern game is a globally recognized sport, and will be contested at a Pan Am Games for the first time in 2015.
Golf is essentially a very simple sport — take as few strokes as possible with the club to get the ball in the hole — but requires incredible concentration, accuracy and technique. Eighteen holes are played over four days. The lowest score wins.
One stroke under par for a hole.
One stroke over par for a hole.
Two strokes under par for a hole.
The desired landing area of closely cropped grass between the tee and the putting green.
The number of strokes it should take a player to sink the ball in the cup.
The surface where the cup is located
The small stick used to hold the ball off the ground in the tee box.