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Parapan Athletics

Athletics - Parapan Am

Athletics - Parapan Am

Medal Events

Women – 100 m
T11, T12, T36, T37, T38, T47, T52, T53

Men – 100 m
T11, T12, T13, T35, T36, T37, T38, T42, T44, T47, T52, T53, T54

Women – 200 m
T11, T12, T36, T37, T38, T47

Men – 200 m
T11, T12, T36, T37, T38, T44, T47, T52

Women – 400 m
T11, T12, T38, T53, T54

Men – 400 m
T11, T12, T20, T36, T37, T38, T47, T52, T53, T54

Women – 800 m
T12, T53, T54

Men – 800 m
T53, T54

Women – 1,500 m
T11, T12,

Men – 1,500 m
T11, T12, T13, T20, T38, T52, T54

Men – 5,000 m
T11, T12, T54

Men – 4x100m Relay
T11-13

Women – Shot put
F11/F12, F35/F36, F20/F37/F38, F53/F54/F55, F56/F57

Men – Shot put
F11/F12, F20, F32/F33/F34, F37, F46, F54/F55, F56, F57

Women – Discus throw
F11/F12, F37/F38/F44, F51/F52, F54/F55, F56/F57

Men – Discus throw
F11, F37, F44, F46, F51/F52/F53/F57, F54/F55/F56,

Women – Javelin
F11/F12, F37/F38, F53/F54, F55/F56, F57

Men – Javelin
F11/F12, F34/F57, F44, F46, F53/F54/F55, F56,

Women – Long jump
T11/T12, T20/T37/38

Men – Long jump
T11/12, T13, T20, T37, T38, T42/T44, T47

Women – Club throw
F31/F32/F51

Men – High jump
F42/F44/F47

– The final list of events will be dependent on the number of entries.


Photo Gallery


Sport Overview

Athletics for athletes with a disability has been a part of the Paralympic program since the first Paralympic Games in 1960. Wheelchair racing was first included in the Tokyo 1964 Games, where athletes competed at the 60-metre distance. This continued to be the standard racing distance until the 200 m, 400 m, 800 m and 1,500 m events were introduced at the Toronto 1976 Paralympic Games when athletes with visual impairments and amputees were included. Athletes with cerebral palsy and neurological impairments were added to the Paralympic Games program in 1984. Depending on their disability, athletes compete in wheelchairs, with prostheses or under the guidance of a sighted person — known as a guide. Athletes compete in each event against others with similar levels of disability according to their functional classification. The field events include the club throw, which is unique to para-athletics, for athletes with a minimal level of function.

Canada won 15 medals (seven gold, five silver, three bronze) at the 2013 IPC World Championships in Lyon, France. Wheelchair racer Brent Lakatos, who helped contribute to that total with three gold medals of his own, is one of Canada’s finest athletes to watch in 2015.

History

Athletics for people with a disability had its first organized competition—in the form of wheelchair racing—in 1952 as part of a Games organized for World War II veterans by Stoke Mandeville hospital.

How it works

The largest sport of the Parapan Am Games, athletics is comprised of track, jumping events, throwing events and combined events. Athletes compete in wheelchairs, with prostheses or under the guidance of a sighted person, depending on their disability. Athletes compete in each event according to their functional classification.


Terminology

Anchor leg
The last leg for an athlete on a relay team.

Cage
The six-metre-wide area from which a competitor throws a discus

Curb
The inside corner of the running track.

False start
This error occurs when an athlete moves off the starting blocks in a running race either before the start gun goes off or within 0.10 seconds of it so doing. Any athlete responsible for a false start is disqualified.


Classification

Categories

Physical impairment
Visual impairment
Intellectual impairment


Sport Classes

Athletics sport classes cover physical, visual and intellectual impairment.

Athletics sport class consists of a prefix “T” or “F” and a number. T stands for “track” and F for “field.” These indicate to which events the sport class applies.

T/F11–13: Visual impairment
The sport classes 11, 12 and 13 are allocated to athletes with varying degrees of visual impairment, with 11 including athletes with the least vision and 13 including athletes with the best vision while still meeting the minimum disability criteria. Athletes in the T11 sport class run with a guide runner and are blindfolded. Athletes in sport class T12 may also choose to run with a guide.

T/F 20: Intellectual impairment
Athletes in this class are diagnosed with intellectual impairment and meet sport-specific minimum disability criteria in 1,500 metre, long jump or shot put events.

T32–38 and F31–38:
The 30s sport classes are allocated to athletes with athetosis, ataxia and/or hypertonia as the impairments typically affect the ability to control legs, trunk, arms and hands. The lower the number, the more significant the activity limitation.

F40:
Athletes with short stature compete in this sport class.

T/F42–46:
These classes are for athletes with limb deficiencies, such as amputations. In classes 42–44, the legs are affected by impairment and in 45–46 the arms are affected.

All athletes in the 40s classes compete standing up and do not use a wheelchair.

T51–54 and F51–58:
These classes only include athletes competing in a wheelchair. A lower number indicates a higher degree of activity limitation.

Athletes competing in wheelchair racing events for T51–54 sport classes differ in their arm and shoulder functions— this is pertinent for pushing a wheelchair. Athletes in classes T51–52 have activity limitations in both lower and upper limbs. Athletes competing in T54 have partial trunk and leg function.

Athletes in sport classes F51–54 have differing degrees of limited shoulder, arm and hand functions, and no trunk or leg function. Athletes in the class F54 have normal function in their arms and hands, but no trunk or leg function.

Trunk and leg function increases in classes F55–58.

Additional Information

Additional Information