gtw-goalball-sport-hero

Photo Gallery


Sport Overview

Goalball is played exclusively by athletes with visual impairments, using a ball with bells inside. Two teams of three face off on an indoor court with tactile lines and goals at either end. Because athletes must hear the ball and be able to concentrate, spectators are asked to remain silent during the game but are free to cheer when a goal is scored.


History

Goalball was invented in 1946 as a rehabilitation sport for blind World War II veterans. It made its debut at the Paralympic Games in 1976.


How it works

All athletes wear eyeshades so that athletes of varying degrees of vision can compete together.

Two teams of three face off on an indoor court with tactile lines and goals at either end. The object is to score by rolling the ball through the opponent’s goal. Players attempt to block the shots using his/her body. The team with the most goals wins.

Because athletes must hear the ball and concentrate, spectators are silent during the game but free to cheer when a goal is scored.


Terminology

Court
The goalball playing area measuring 18 metres x 9 metres (59 feet x 29 feet).

Eyeshades
Worn by all goalball athletes, eyeshades allow players with varying degrees of vision to compete together.

Pass out
When the ball crosses over the sideline during a pass between teammates.

Tactile markings
Markings on the court that enable players to determine their location within the court as well as the direction they are facing.


Classification

Category

Visual Impairment


Sport Classes

Athletes competing in goalball have varying degrees of visual impairment; some are completely blind and have no light perception and others have low visual acuity. Athletes with a visual field of a maximum diameter of less than 40 degrees are also eligible to compete.

To ensure fair competition between teams, all players, including the goalkeeper, must wear eyeshades during the game.

Additional Information

Additional Information