- Routliffe wins fourth gold as Canadian swimmers shine at Parapan Am Games »
- What Canada Did Thursday at the Parapan Am Games »
- Canadian swimmers earn 15 more medals in the pool on Day 5 of Parapan Am Games »
- What Canada Did Wednesday at the Parapan Am Games »
- Canadian swimmer Tess Routliffe wins second gold of Parapan Am Games »
Men's - 50m Butterfly
Men's - 50m Backstroke
Men's - 50m Breaststroke
Men's - 100m Freestyle
Men - 100m Butterfly
Men's - 100m Backstroke
Men's - 100m Breaststroke
Men's - 150m Individual Medley
Men's - 200m Freestyle
Men's - 200m Individual Medley
Men's - 400m Freestyle
Men's - 4x100m Freestyle Relay
Men's - 4x100m Medley Relay
Mixed - 4x50m Freestyle Relay
Women's - 50m Butterfly
Women's - 50m Backstroke
Women's - 50m Breaststroke
Women's - 100m Freestyle
Women's - 100m Butterfly
Women's - 100m Backstroke
Women's - 100m Breaststroke
Women's - 150m Individual Medley
Women's - 200m Freestyle
Women's - 200m Individial Medley
Women's - 400m Freestyle
Aurelie Rivard - Swimming - Women's 400m Freestyle S10 - Canada
Katarina Roxon - Swimming - Women's 100m Breaststroke SB8 - Canada
Benoit Huot - Swimming - Men's 400m Freestyle S10 - Canada
Facundo Lazo - Swimming - Men's 100m breaststroke SB8 - Argentina
Reilly Boyt - Women's 100m Breaststroke SB6 - USA
Reilly Boyt - Women's 100m Breaststroke SB6 - USA
Swimming is one of the longest-standing sports for athletes with a disability, and has been part of the Paralympic Games since their inception in 1960 and the Parapan Am Games in 1999.
Athletes can have a physical, visual or intellectual impairment. Rules are modified to include optional starting platforms, in-water starts for some athletes or the use of signals or “tappers” with knowing where the end of the lane is (for turning and for the end of the race) for those athletes with visual impairments. No prostheses or assistive devices are permitted in the pool.
Brazil came first and Mexico second in the total swimming medal count at the Guadalajara 2011 Parapan Am Games.
History has shown that the sport of aquatics had an early start; Egyptian hieroglyphics discovered from the Stone Age showed people swimming. Swimming is one of the longest-standing sports for athletes with a disability, and has been part of the Paralympic Games since their inception in 1960 and the Parapan Am Games in 1999.
How it works
Swimming races incorporate the techniques of breaststroke, butterfly, backstroke and freestyle, and are contested at distances of 50 metres, 100 metres, 200 metres and 400 metres. Swimming is a timed competition—the first athlete or team (relay) to touch the timing pad at the end of the last lap wins.
Swimmers may begin in the water, sitting on the starting platform or standing. Swimmers who are blind wear blackened goggles to ensure a level playing field. They also have assistance with knowing where the end of their lane is (for turning and for the end of the race) by tappers. Athletes are classified based on their degree of function to perform each stroke. Prosthetic devices are not permitted.
A combination event in which the swimmer or team swims legs of butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke and freestyle (usually front crawl).
A tapper may be required by a swimmer with a visual impairment to let them know they are approaching the end of the lane. The tapper uses a long stick to tap the swimmer when they get close to the end of the lane.
The sport class names in swimming consist of a prefix “S,” “SM,” or “SB” and a number. The prefixes stand for the strokes and the number indicates the sport classes.
- S: freestyle, butterfly and backstroke events
- SB: breaststroke
- SM: individual medley
Sport Classes S/SB/SM1 to S/SB/SM10: physical impairment
There are ten different sport classes for athletes with physical impairment, numbered 1-10. A lower number indicates a more severe activity limitation than a higher number.
Athletes with different impairments compete against each other, because sport classes are allocated based on the impact the impairment has on swimming, rather than on the impairment itself.
To evaluate the impact of impairments on swimming, classifiers assess all functional body structures using a point system and ask the athlete to complete a water assessment. The total number of points then determines the athlete’s S and SB sport classes. Due to the different demands of S and SB events, swimmers are often allocated different S and SB sport classes. The SM sport class is calculated from the S and SB sport class.
Sport Classes 11 -13: Visual Impairment
Classes 11-13 are allocated to swimmers with a visual impairment. Class 11 will have little or no vision; Class 12 can recognize the shape of a hand and have some ability to see; Class 13 will have greater vision than the other two classes but less than 20 degrees of vision.
Sport Classes 14: Intellectual impairment
S14 swimmers have an intellectual impairment, which typically leads to the athletes having difficulties with regards to pattern recognition, sequencing, and memory, or having a slower reaction time, which impact on sport performance in general. Moreover, S14 swimmers show a higher number of strokes relative to their speed than able-bodied elite swimmers.