Pan Am Aquatics Synchronized Swimming
Pan Am Synchronized Swimming

Synchronized Swimming

Synchronized Swimming

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Sport Overview

Above the water, synchronized swimming is art, beauty, dance and precision. Below the surface, fiercely conditioned athletes perform remarkable feats of strength, timing, flexibility, balance and conditioning. In fact, even while performing perfectly choreographed acrobatics, synchronized swimmers will often spend the first minutes of their programs under water, working off the strength of a single breath.

Athletes compete to music as either duets or teams of eight. The judges provide marks for two routines — the technical and the free — against standards for execution, impression, and difficulty.

Three countries swept the medal podium in synchronized swimming at the Guadalajara 2011 Pan Am Games; Canada won the top prize in both events, while the U.S. garnered two silver medals and Brazil two bronze.


History has shown that the sport of aquatics had an early start; Egyptian hieroglyphics discovered from the Stone Age showed people swimming. Around 400 BC, records showed Egyptians and Romans diving off cliffs. It did not become an organized sport, however, until the early 19th century in Great Britain.

At the TORONTO 2015 Games, the sport of aquatics includes the five disciplines of diving, open-water swimming, swimming, synchronized swimming and water polo.

How it works

With exceptional strength, flexibility and endurance, teams of eight and duet competitors perform water acrobatics to music. Routines are executed simultaneously and judged on both technical and artistic merits.


Mood-setting moves performed on the pool deck after the music has begun and before the athletes enter the water.

A powerful leg kick technique that allows athletes to lift themselves vertically out of the water and perform arm movements above the water’s surface.

Underwater hand movements that support and move the body in the water.

Additional Information

Additional Information