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Sport Overview

Watch athletes fly. The trampoline can send competitors as high as nine metres into the air where they complete one of the 10 skills that constitute a routine. Some of the acrobatic elements have breathtaking combinations of speed, power, grace and flight.

Medal-winning routines feature high, rhythmic bouncing leading to spectacular airborne twisting and tumbling elements.

Canadian Rosie MacLennan — a TORONTO 2015 ambassador — knows all about the importance of the Pan American Games. Her gold medal in Guadalajara in 2011 helped catapult her to a gold medal at the London 2012 Olympics Games. She is looking to defend her title at home in 2015.


History

The first modern trampoline was devised in the 1930s as a training tool for tumblers and athletes. It was eventually used for training astronauts. The first trampoline world championships were held in 1964.


How it works

Trampoline symbolizes freedom, flying and space. Multiple somersaults and twists are performed at heights of eight metres and require precise technique and perfect body control. The trampoline is also used as a basic training device for sports with acrobatic elements.

Individual competition

Trampoline competitions comprise three routines with 10 elements in each. A routine on the trampoline is characterized by high, continuous rhythmic feet to feet, to back, front or seat rotational jumping elements, without hesitation or intermediate straight bounces between two elements.

Scoring

Scoring for trampoline comprises three types of marks: the D score is the total degree of difficulty, the E score is the evaluation of the execution of the routine and the T score is the time of flight for the gymnast in their routine.

Two judges score the degree of difficulty, starting at zero points and adding to it based on the elements performed. Five judges score the execution, starting at 10 points and deducting up to 0.5 points for errors on each of the 10 elements performed. For each element performed, the median deduction is taken and multiplied by three to form the execution score (perfect is 30 points). The final score is the total of the difficulty score (D score) plus the execution score (E score) plus the time of flight (T score).


Terminology

Adolph
Front somersault with 3 ½ twists.

Barani
Front somersault with a half-twist.

Fliffus
Double somersault with a twist.

Travel
Movement along the trampoline bed.

Additional Information

Additional Information